Given the various pathways that families can take to adopt, precise statistics on just how many transracial adoptions occur each year are difficult to find.  However, researchers estimate that around 15% of all adoptions are transracial (Vonk, 2001; Evan, 2009) and, according to the 2000 U.S. Census, 308,000 (18 percent) of the 1.7 million households with adopted children contained members of different races.

Rates of domestic transracial adoption are increasing.  In 1995, transracial adoptions represented 11 percent of all domestic adoptions, increasing to 15% in 2001 (see figure below)

Domestic TRA Chart

International adoptions also account for a large proportion of transracial adoptions in the United States. Rates of international adoption rose steadily, increasing from 15,719 adoptions in 1999 to 22,734 in 2005, but began to taper-off and have declined slightly over the past few years. However, this decline is thought to be due to the U.S. economic recession and not a decline in popularity, as international adoptions are often quite expensive.

[I had an image of the prevalence of international adoption, but it won’t load for some reason. I will get it fixed soon]


6 thoughts on “Statistics

  1. I am working on a research paper for school and would like to use your essay, however I can’t find your name (author), date written/published so I can include this in my work cited page? Could you please provide this information?
    Thank you!

  2. I’m amazed, I must say. Rarely do I come across a blog that’s equally educative and
    engaging, and without a doubt, you’ve hit the nail on the head.
    The issue is an issue that not enough folks are speaking intelligently about.
    I am very happy that I found this during my hunt for something relating to this.

    • I am so happy that you found my site useful! While it was originally designed as a project for a class in grad school, I am hoping to start updating again regularly 🙂

  3. Can you let me know where you found these statistics? I am looking for yearly rates of transracial adoption for a paper. Thank you!

    • All statistics cited are from the following:

      Vonk, M.E. (2001). Cultural competence for transracial adoptive parents. Social Work, 46, 246-255.

      Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute (2009). Beyond culture camp: promoting healthy identity formation in adoption.

      US Census 2000

      There are probably more updated statistics from the most recent census in 2010 though. Hope this helps!

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